Skador på vuxna

(Damages to adults)


OBS: Denna sida tillkom 22 nov. 2022 och kan nog ses som "under construction" åtminstone några månader framåt. I en första fas kommer referenslistan nedan att revideras och därefter kommer en del av innehållet i motsvarande referenser att kommenteras.


Det finns numera en hel del publicerad dokumentation om PA-skador på vuxna. I första hand alienerade föräldrar samt vuxna som PA-misshandlats som barn. Till detta kommer skador på andra närstående till barnen.

Många av de vuxna som idag arbetar för ökad medvetenhet om PA-fenomenet och som också vill kriminalisera denna form av psykisk barnmisshandel har själva drabbats som barn. Som exempel kan nämnas: Rod McCall (pappa vars ex. mördade den 6-årige sonen och sedan begick självmord, USA), Frances Carr (alienerad mamma, UK), Jennifer Harman (PA-forskare, Colorado State University mm), Jan James (Battle for truth och mycket annat, UK), Michelle Lee Nieves (YouTube), Meredith Miller* (Inner Integration, YouTube), Pamela Richardson (vars som begick självmord, författare till boken "A kidnapped mind:
A Mother's Heartbreaking Memoir of Parental Alienation",  2006), Amanda Sillars (Australien) och Ryan Thomas (YouTube) samt Jill Wise (The Enlightened Target, YouTube). Utöver dessa vittnesmål kommer de 6-7 svenska vuxna jag fått kontakt med - det handlar om personer i åldrarna 30-80 år (22 nov. 2022).


* Citerar en kvinnlig krigsveteran som sagt att traumat efter kriget (vilket är oklart) var ingenting jämfört med det psykologiska trauma som hon utsatts för av sin mamma för som barn. Ref. Efter 1 min 48 s in i videon "Overcoming the devastation of being raised by a narcissist mother").



Orsaker till skador på vuxna

(Causes of damages to adults)



PA-problemet är inte bara en fråga om livslångt lidande utan också om välfärd och rättvisa.

(The PA problem is therefore not just a question about lifelong suffering but also about welfare and justice.)


Se t ex Zeynep Biringen & Jenifer J. Harman, Föräldrar som beter sig illa: Hur institutioner och samhället hjälper till att alienera barn från sina kärleksfulla föräldrar, 2018:139-157.


Medicinska, sociala och ekonomiska skador som drabbar vuxna

(Medical, social and economic damages that affect adults)



Kostnadsmässigt drabbar PA-alienerade samhället i stort.


Det bör noteras att forskare som arbetar med hjärnans utveckling sedan minst cirka 20 år stu-derat effekterna av barnmisshandel inklusive psykisk dito. Som introduktion till detta ämne kan man börja med artikeln M. Teicher, Scars that won't heal: The Neurobiology of Child abuse, Scientific American, Vol. 286(3), 2002:54-61.



Referenser


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Raj ChettyNathaniel HendrenPatrick Kline & Emmanuel Saez, Where is the Land of Opportunity? The Geography of Intergenerational Mobility in the United States. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper 19843, 2014:1-67 (+tabeller & bilagor).


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Cherilyn Dance, Alan Rushton & David Quinton, Emotional abuse in early childhood: relationships with progress in subsequent family placementJournal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry & Allied Disciplines, Vol. 43(3), 2002:395-407.


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Anja S. Euser, Brittany E. Evans, Kirstin Greaves-Lord, Anja C. Huizink & Ingmar H.A. Franken, Parental rearing behavior prospectively predicts adolescents' risky decision-making and feedback-related electrical brain activity. Developmental Science, Vol. 16(3), 2013:409-427.


Robert A. Evans, Treatment Considerations with Children with PAS. Florida BAR Journal, Vol. 80(4), 2006:69-72.
"The damage of PAS can be a life-threatening disorder with dire consequences to children, and ultimately society. In many cases, however, speedy intervention by therapists, attorneys, and the courts can keep smaller problems from escalating into termination of the relationship between parents and children."


Warren Farrell, 'Boy crisis' threatens America's future with economic, health and suicide risks. USA Today, 7 april, 2019.


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Anm. På sid 211, Under rubriken "Environmental Risk Factors for Antisocial Behavior and Psychopathy" hittar man en del resonemang som bland annat berör betydelsen av vad föräldrarna har för sig under ett barns uppväxt.


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Augustine J. Kpsowa, Divorce and suicide risk. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, Vol. 57(12), 2003:993-995. Kommentar: Det är oftast en skada för barnet när ena föräldern begår självmord.


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Saulyn Lee-Maturana, Mandy Metthewson & Corinna Dwan, Understanding Targeted Parents’ Experience of Parental Alienation: A Qualitative Description from Their Own Perspective. The American Journal of Family Therapy, Vol. 49(5), 2021:499-516.


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Vinita Mehta, Parental Alienation: The Legacy for Children. Psychology Today, 21 December, 2021.


Eivind Meland, Hans Johan Breidablik & Frode Thuen, Divorce and conversational difficulties with parents: Impact on adolescent health and self-esteem. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 48(7), 2019:743-751.


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Paloma Miralles, Carmen Godoy & Maria Dolores Hidalgo, Long-term emotional consequences of parental alienation exposure in children of divorced parents: A systematic review. Current Psychology, 25 November, 2021.


Moreno-López, A. J. & Ocaña de Valdivia, I. (2017). Federecion “FADIE”, movimiento asociativo en pro de la justicia y la igualdad. En, D., Becerril y M., Venegas, La custodia compartida en España. (pp. 165-179). Dykinson.  Kommentar: Detta är ett bokkapitel av vilket det framgår att barn som växer upp utan sin pappa jämfört med de som gör det har följande ökade risker: 5-dubblad ökad risk att begå självmord, 32 xx ökad risk att lämna hemmet, 20-dubblad risk för "uppförandestörningar" (propenso a tener desórdenes de conducta), 14 xx förhöjd förtida utveckling och benägenhet att begå sexuella övergrepp, 9 xx ökad risk att falla ur skolsystemet, 10 xx förhöjd risk för drogmissbruk, 9 xx förhöjd risk att bli "intagen" (underförstått pga psykiatriska och liknande problem), 20-dubblad risk att hamna i fängelse.


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Ben Spencer, Growing up without a father can permanently alter the BRAIN: Fatherless children are more likely to grow up angry and turn to drugs. Daily Mail, 4 December, 2013. Anm.: Den här artikeln refererar till studier på möss (!) som har den egenskapen att musföräldrarna hjälps åt att ta hand om musbarnen. Tar man bort muspappan blir barken (cortex) i hjärnans pannlob mindre utvecklad hos musbarnen - den del av hjärnan som särskilt hänger samman med social och kognitiv förmåga (Francis R. Bambico et al., Father Absence in the Monogamous California Mouse Impairs Social Behavior and Modifies Dopamine and Glutamate Synapses in the Medial Prefrontal CortexCerebral Cortex, Vol. 25(5), 2015:1163-1175. Ref. Professor (Dr i neurobiologisk psykiatri) Gabriella Gobbi vid McGill University i Kanada. Dr. Gobbi har vid skrivande tidpunkt (12 nov. 2020) 144 veten-skapliga publikationer bakom sig.


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Fuat Torun, Sebahat Dilek Torun & Mandy Matthewson, Parental Alienation: Targeted Parent Experience in Turkey. The American Journal of Family Therapy, Vol. 50(2), 2022:195-204.


The Fatherless Generation (statistik om självmord, hemlöshet, fattigdom mm).


Suzanne Verhaar, Mandy Louise Matthewson & Caitlin Bentley, The Impact of Parental Alienating Behaviours on the Mental Health of Adults Alienated in Childhood. Children, Vol. 9(4), 2022:1-16.


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YouTube

Parental Alienation UK, The voice of an alienated child. YouTube, 20 May, 2020 (1 min).

Parental Alienation UK, Winston discussing his personal experience of Parental Alienation. YouTube, 22 May, 2020 (13 min).

Parental Alienation UK, False domestic abuse claims wreck lives. YouTube, 11 June, 2020 (7 min).

Ryan Thomas, Hating Half of Myself I Child of Parental Alienation. RyanThomasSpeaks, YouTube, 21 oktober, 2014 (9 min).

(Is it PA?)

(PA is often missed)

(Key concepts)

(Child abuse)

(Damages to the children)

(To be developed:
 damages to adults)

(Children's wishes)

(Who are the PA drivers?)

(To be developed:
False allegations)

(PA and the law)

(The authorities)

(Prevention and therapy)

(Other countries)

(Support groups)

(Who am I?)