Facktidskrifter som publicerat PA-relevanta artiklar

(Scientific journals which published PA relevant articles)


Några av tidskrifterna nedan är relativt små men de uppfyller veterligen alla, utom Psychology Today kravet på att de har en peer-reviewprocess före publicering - alltså att artiklarna granskats av oberoende och anonym expertis före publicering.


Message to readers who don't understand Swedish: From April 2020 and on, I (BC) began to add specific references to the list below and also explain in what sense the articles are relevant and consistent with the theory (not hypothesis) of parental alienation (PA or PAS). Some of these journals do not mention PA specifically but deal with the concept of PA, others point at witness psychology, children's wishes, personality disorders, other aspects of the supporting behavioral science, neurophysiology or other subtopics. The code "BH" below refers to references found in "Z. Biringen & J.J. Harman, Parents acting badly, 2016" in which PA is a major topic. A few of the listed journals are relatively small but they all fulfill the criterion that the articles have been peer-reviewed before publication. The only exception I am aware of is Psychology Today which is a magazine.


As I am continuing to overlook this list, references/journals that deal with general psychology, psychiatry and neurobiology will be moved from this list to other more appropriate pages at this website. /BC, 24 March & 21 August 2020


NEW ADDITIONS (after April 13, 2020) to the list below will be in blue. /BC, 14 April 2020


Aggression and Violent Behavior

    Ex: John Archer, Sex differences in physically aggressive acts between heterosexual partners: A meta-analytic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, Vol. 7, 2002:313-351.

American Journal of Family Law

    Ex: Kenneth H. Waldron & Davud E. Joanis: Understanding and collaboratively treating parental alienation syndrome. American Journal of Family Law, Vol. 10,1996:121–133.

    Ex: Demosthenes Lorandos, Parental Alienation, Traditional Therapy and Family Bridges: What Works,
What Doesn’t and Why: Part I of II. American Journal of Family Law, Vol. 33 (4), 2020:415-423.

    Ex: Demosthenes Lorandos, Parental Alienation, Traditional Therapy and Family Bridges: What Works,
What Doesn’t and Why: Part II of II. American Journal of Family Law, Vol. 34 (1), 2020:9-17.

American Journal of Forensic Psychology

    Ex: Deirdre Conway Rand, The spectrum of parental alienation syndrome (part I). American Journal of Forensic Psychology, Vol. 15(3), 1997:23-52.

    Ex: Deirdre Conway Rand, The spectrum of parental alienation syndrome (part II). American Journal of Forensic Psychology, Vol. 15(4), 1997:39-92. Note that this article consists of three html files - click at the bottom of each of the individual html files to go to either of the other two files.

    Ex: Jeffrey C. Siegel & Joseph S. Langford, MMPI-2 validity scales and suspected parental alienation.
American Journal of Forensic Psychology, Vol. 16(4), 1998:5-14.

    Ex: Richard A. Warshak,  Current Controversies Regarding Parental Alienation Syndrome. American Journal of Forensic Psychology, Vol. 19(3), 2001:29-59.

    Ex: Deirdre Conway Rand, Randy Rand & Leona Kopetski, The spectrum of parental alienation syndrome (part III): The Kopetski follow up study. American Journal of Forensic Psychology, Vol. 23(1), 2005:15-43.

American Journal of Orthopsychiatry

     Ex. Judith S. Wallerstein & Joan B. Kelly, The effects of parental divorce: Experiences of the child in later

latency. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 46(2), 1976:256-269.

    Comment: This paper deals with the concept of PA but by the time of publication, the term PA/PAS had not yet been coined.

American Psychologist

    Ex: Richard E. Mayer, Applying the Science of Learning: Evidence-Based Principles for the Design of Multimedia Instruction. American Psychologist, Vol. 63(8), 2008:760-769.

    Comment: Indirectly related to PA because it involves the theory of learning.

Annales Médico-psychologiques (In French)

    Ex: Paul Bensussan, L’aliénation parentale : vers la fin du déni? Annales Médico-psychologiques, Vol. 167(6), 2009:409-415.

    Comment: Abstract in English.

Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association

    Ex: Katherine C. Andre, Parent Alienation SyndromeAnnals of the American Psychotherapy Association, Vol. 7(4), 2004:7-.

    Ex: Amy J.L. Baker & Katherine Andre, Working with alienated children and their targeted parents: Suggestions for sound practices for mental health professionals. Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association, Vol. 11(2), 2008:10-17.

Annals of the International Communication Association

    Ex: Kristina M. Scharp & Elizabeth Dorrance Hall, Family marginalization, alienation, and estrangement: questioning the nonvoluntary status of family relationships. Annals of the International Communication Association, Vol. 41(1), 2017:28-45.

    Comment: The authors clearly discuss communication and other phenomena that are consistent with PA but they also more or less consistently avoid directly referring to PA/PAS except in a separate paragraph where Richard Gardner is referred to. In addition, many references are made to PA papers.

Applied Cognitive Psychology

Archives of Disease in Childhood (Part of BMJ)

    Comment: Probably no specific PA articles.


Australian Family Lawyer

    Ex: Kenneth Byrne, Brainwashing in Custody Cases: The Parental Alienation Syndrome. Australian Family Lawyer, Vol. 4(3), 1989:1-5.

Australian Journal of Family Law

    Ex. S.S. Berns, Parents behaving badly: Parental alienation syndrome in the family court – magic bullet or poisoned chalice. Australian Journal of Family Law, Vol. 15(3), 2001:191–214.

Australian Journal of Psychology

    Ex: Sian Balmer, Mandy Matthewson & Janet Haines, Parental alienation: Targeted parent perspective. Australian Journal of Psychology, Vol. 70(1), 2017:1-8.

    Ex: Saulyn Lee‐Maturana, Mandy Matthewson, Corinna Dwan & Kimberley Norris, Characteristics and experiences of targeted parents of parental alienation from their own perspective: A systematic literature review. Australian Journal of Psychology, Vol. 71(2), 2019:83-91.

Australian & New Zealand Journal of  Family Therapy

    Ex: Suzanne Jenkins, Are Children Protected in the Family Court? A Perspective from Western Australia. Australian & New Zealand Journal of  Family Therapy, Vol. 23(3), 2013:145-152.

Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology

    Ex: Elisabeth H. M. Sterck, David P. Watts and Carel P. van Schaik, The Evolution of Female Social Relationships in Nonhuman Primates. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, Vol. 41(5), 1997:291-309. (BH)

Behavioral Sciences & the Law

    Ex: Hollida Wakefield & Ralph Underwager, Sexual abuse allegations in divorce and custody disputes. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, Vol. 9(4), 1991:451-468.

    Comment: This article relates indirectly to PA.

Boston College Law Review

    Ex: Kelly Schwartz, The Kids Are Not All Right: Using the Best Interest Standard to Prevent Parental Alienation and a Therapeutic Intervention Approach to Provide Relief. Boston College Law Review, Vol. 56(2), 2015:803-840.

Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry (Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)

Roberta Pena, Hélio Lauar & Alcina Barros, Forensic psychiatry assessment during parental alienation claims: two cases with different outcomes. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. , 2020

British Journal of Psychiatry

    Ex. Catherine Winsper, Ayten Bilgin, Andrew Thompson, Steven Marwaha, Andrew M Chanen, Swaran P Singh, Ariel Wang & Vivek Furtado,  The Prevalence of Personality Disorders in the Community: A Global Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 216(2), 2020:69-78.

    Comment: This paper is a review of the prevalence of personality disorders. I (BC) do not have access to the original paper but nothing indicates that it specifically mentions "parental alienation".

British Journal of Social Work

    Ex. Greg Mantle, Tina Moules, Ken Johnson, Jane Leslie, Sarah Parsons, Ray Shaffer. Whose Wishes and Feelings? Children’s Autonomy and Parental Influence in Family Court Enquiries." British Journal of Social Work, Vol. 37, 2007:785–805.

    Comment: In this paper the authors discuss parental custody care, parental influence, parental manipulation

aimed at ‘turning the child against the other parent’ (context of coaching and brainwashing) and parental separation but the authors do not use the term "parental alienation".

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Canadian Journal of Psychiatry

    Ex: Lionel Cailhol, Éric Pelletier, Louis Rochette, Lise Laporte, Pierre David, Évens Villeneuve, Joel Paris & Alain Lesage, Prevalence, Mortality, and Health Care Use Among Patients With Cluster B Personality Disorders Clinically Diagnosed in Quebec: A Provincial Cohort Study, 2001-2012. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 62(5), 2017:336-342.

Canadian Psychology/Psychologie Canadienne

    Ex: M.H. Gagné, S. Drapeau & R. Hénault, L'aliénation parentale: Un bilan des connaissances et des controverses [Parental alienation: An overview of research and controversy]. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne, Vol. 46(2), 2005:73–87.

Child Abuse & Neglect

    Ex: Jodi Death, Claire Ferguson & Kylie Burgess, Parental alienation, coaching and the best interests of the child: Allegations of child sexual abuse in the Family Court of Australia. Child Abuse & Neglect, Vol. 94(Article 104045), 2019:__-__.

Child Abuse Review

    Ex: Nigel Blagg & Eva Godfrey, Exploring Parent–Child Relationships in Alienated versus Neglected/Emotionally Abused.  Children using the Bene‐Anthony Family Relations Test. Child Abuse Review, Vol. 27(6), 2018:486-496.

Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America

  Ex: Douglas Darnall, The Psychosocial Treatment of Parental Alienation. Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, Vol. 20(3), 2011:479-494.

Child and Family Social Work

    Ex: Ricky Finzi-Dottan, Hadass Goldblatt & Orlee Cohen-Masica, The experience of motherhood for alienated mothersChild and Family Social Work, Vol. 17, 2012:316-325.

Child Development

    Ex: Su Yeong Kim, Yang Hou & Yolanda Gonzalez, Language Brokering and Depressive Symptoms in Mexican‐American Adolescents: Parent–Child Alienation and Resilience as Moderators. Child Development,Vol. 88(3), 2017:867-888.

Children & Society

    Ex: Jennifer Lavoie,  Karissa Leduc, Angela M. Crossman & Victoria Talwar, Do As I Say and Not As I Think: Parent Socialisation of Lie‐Telling Behaviour. Children & Society, Vol. 30(4), 2016:253-264.

Children and Youth Services Review

    Ex: Jennifer J. Harman, Sadie Leder-Elder & Zeynep Biringen,  Prevalence of adults who are the targets of parental alienating behaviors and their impact. Children and Youth Services Review, Vol. 106, 2019:1-13.

Clinical Psychology Review


Clinical Social Work Journal

    Ex: Virginia H. Luftman, Lane J. Veltkamp, James J. Clark, Sharon Lannacone & Howard Snooks, Practice Guidelines In Child Custody Evaluations for Licensed Clinical Social Workers. Clinical Social Work Journal, Vol. 33(3), 2005:327-357.

Cogent Psychology

    Ex: Alan M. Jaffe, Melanie J. Thakkar & Pascale Piron, Denial of ambivalence as a hallmark of parental alienation. Cogent Psychology, Vol. 4, 2017:1-15.

Colorado Lawyer

    Ex. L. Kopetski, Identifying cases of parent alienation syndrome, Part I. Colorado Lawyer, 27(2), 1998:65–68.

    Ex. L. Kopetski, Identifying cases of parent alienation syndrome, Part II. Colorado Lawyer, 27(3), 1998:63–66.

Communication Reports

    Ex: Lindsey S. Aloia & Claire Strutzenberg, Parent–Child Communication Apprehension: The Role of Parental Alienation and Self-Esteem. Communication Reports, Vol. 32(1), 2019:1-14 (first version/online).

Contemporary Family Therapy

    Ex: L.F. Lowenstein, Parent Alienation Syndrome: A Two Step Approach Toward a Solution. Contemporary Family Therapy, Vol. 20, 1998:505-520.

Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice

    Ex: J. Rowen & R. Emery. Examining parental denigration behaviors of co-parents as reported by young adults and their association with parent–child closeness. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, Vol. 3(3), 2014:165–177.

Court Review

    Ex: Ira Daniel Turkat, On the Limitations of Child-Custody Evaluations, Court Review, Vol. 42(2), 2005:8-13.

    Comment: This paper is indirectly relevant for PA but only briefly gives a reference to PA.

Cultic Studies Review

    Ex: Amy J.. Baker, The Cult of Parenthood: A Qualitative Study of Parental Alienation. Cultic Studies Review, Vol. 4(1), 2005:1-20.

Current Directions in Psychological Science

    Ex: Jennifer J. Harman, William Bernet, and Joseph Harman, Parental Alienation: The Blossoming of a Field of Study. Current Directions in Psychological Science, Vol. 28(2), 2019:212-217.

Current problems in pediatric and adolescent health care

    Ex. Herbert Schreier, Munchausen by Proxy. Current problems in pediatric and adolescent health care, Vol. 34(3), 2004:126-143.

    Comment: Munchausen by Proxy (also called Factitious Disorder Imposed on Another) sometimes occur in cases of PA.

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Developmental Psychology

    Ex. J. Smetana, J. Robinson, S.V. Bourne, C. Wainryb, "I didn't want to, but then I told": Adolescents' narratives regarding disclosure, concealment, and lyingDevelopmental Psychology, 55(2), 2019:403-414.

    Comment: This article relates to PA because it pertains to lying by young people.

Duodecim; lääketieteellinen aikakauskirja (in Finnish)

    Ex: H. Häkkänen-Nyholm, Alienation of a child from one parent in divorce situation (In Finnish). Duodecim; lääketieteellinen aikakauskirja, Vol. 126(5), 2013:499-505.

EC Paedriatrics

    Ex: Wilfrid Von Boch-Galhau, Christiane Förster & Jorge Guerra González, “Demosthenes Lorandos, William Bernet, and SR Sauber (2013) Parental Alienation: Handbook for Mental Health and Legal Professionals”. EC Paediatrics, Vol. 7(8), 2018: 820-822.

L’Encéphale (In French)

    Ex: Paul Bensussan, Aliénation parentale, abus psychologique de l’enfant et DSM-5. L’Encéphale, Vol. 43, 2017:510-515.

    Comment: In this article it is explained in detail how PA is covered by five of the already existing diagnosis in DSM-5.

European Journal of Psychological Assessment

    Ex: Paolo Roma, Federica Ricci, Georgios D. Kotzalidis, Luigi Abbate, Anna Lubrano Lavadera, Giorgia Versace, Floriana Pazzelli, Marisa Malagoli Togliatti, Paolo Girardi & Stefano Ferracuti,  MMPI-2 in Child Custody Litigation: A Comparison Between Genders. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, Vol. 30(2), 2014:110-116

European Psychiatry

    Ex: A.C.W.S. Salles B.M.Paulo J. de Matos, P-679 - Parental alienation - a seven year old girl with a long story in the Brazilian court. European Psychiatry, Vol. 27, Supplement 1, 2012 (one page?).

    Comment: This could possibly be from a proceedings publication or something similar.

Family and Conciliation Courts Review

    Ex: Mary Lund, A therapist's view of parental alienation syndrome. Family and Conciliation Courts Review,

Vol. 33(3), 1995:308-316.

    Ex: Richard A. Warshak, Blanket restrictions: Overnight contact between parents and young children. Family and Conciliation Courts Review, Vol. 38(4), 2000:422-445.

     Comment: I (BC) do not have access to this publication but from what I can indirectly read about the article, it seems highly relevant for PA.

Family Court Review

    Ex: Janet R. Johnston & Joan B. Kelly, Guest Editorial Notes. Family Court Review, Vol. 39(3), 2005:246-248.

    Ex: Joan B. Kelly and Janet R. Johnston, The Alienated Child: A Reformulation of Parental Alienation Syndrome. Family Court Review, Vol. 39(3), 2005:249-266.

    Ex: Justice R. James Williams, Should Judges Close the Gate on PAS and PA? Family Court Review, Vol. 39(3), 2005:267-281.

    Ex: S. Margaret Lee & Nancy W. Olesen, Assessing for Alienation in Child Custody and Access Evaluations.

 Family Court Review, Vol. 39(3), 2005:282-298.

    Ex: Matthew J. Sullivan & Joan B. Kelly, Legal and Psychological Management of Cases with an Alienated Child. Family Court Review, Vol. 39(3), 2005:299-315.

    Ex: Janet R. Johnston, Marjorie Gans Walters & Steven Friedlander, Therapeutic Work with Alienated Children and Their Families. Family Court Review, Vol. 39(3), 2005:316-333.

    Ex: Lewis Zirogiannis, Evidentiary Issues with Parental Alienation SyndromeFamily Court Review, Vol. 39(3), 2005:334-343.

    Ex: Richard A. Gardner, Commentary on Kelly and Johnston's "The Alienated Child: A Reformulation of Parental Alienation Syndrome". Family Court Review, Vol. 42(4), 2004:611-621.

    Ex: Janet R. Johnston & Joan B. Kelly, Rejoinder to Gardner's "Commentary on Kelly and Johnston's 'TheAlienated Child: A Reformulation of Parental Alienation Syndrome'". Family Court Review, Vol. 42(4), 2004:622-628.

    Ex: Barbara Jo Fidler & Nicholas Bala, Guest editors' introduction to special issue on alienated children in divorce and separation: Emerging approaches for families and courts. Family Court Review, Vol. 48(1), 2010:6-9.

    Ex: Barbara Jo Fidler & Nicholas Bala, Children Resisting Postseparation Contact with a Parent: Concepts, Controversies and Conundrums. Family Court Review, Vol. 48(1), 2010:10-47.

    Ex: Richard A. Warshak, Family Bridges: Using Insights_from_Social Science to Reconnect Parents and Alienated Children. Family Court Review, Vol. 48(1), 2010:48-80.

    Ex: Joan B. Kelly, Commentary on "Family Bridges: Using Insights from Social Science to Reconnect Parents and Alienated Children (Warshak, 2010). Family Court Review, Vol. 48(1), 2010:81-90.

    Ex: Richard A. Warshak & Mark R. Otis, Helping alienated children with family bridges: Practice, research, and the pursuit of humbitionFamily Court Review, Vol. 48(1), 2010:91-97.

    Ex: Steven Friedlander & Marjorie Gans Walters, When a Child Rejects a Parent: Tailoring the Intervention to Fit the ProblemFamily Court Review, Vol. 48(1), 2010:98-111.

    Ex: Janet R. Johnston & Judith Roth Goldman, Outcomes of Family Counseling Interventions with Children who Resist Visitation: An Addendum to Friedlander and Walters (2010). Family Court Review, Vol. 48(1), 2010:112-115. Translation into French.

    Ex: Matthew J. Sullivan, Peggie A. Ward & Robin M. Deutsch, Overcoming Barriers Family Camp: A Program for High-Conflict Divorced Families where a Child is Resisting Contact with a Parent. Family Court Review, Vol. 48(1), 2010:116-135.

    Ex: Peter G. Jaffe, Dan Ashbourne &  Alfred A. Mamo, Early Identification and Prevention of Parent-Child Alienation: A Framework for Balancing Risks and Benefits of Intervention. Family Court Review, Vol. 48(1), 2010:136-152.

    Ex: Richard A. Warshak, Alienating audiences from innovation: The perils of polemics, ideology, and innuendoFamily Court Review, Vol. 48(1), 2010:153-163.

    Ex: Nicholas Bala, Suzanne Hunt & Carolyn McCarney, Parental Alienation: Canadian Court Cases 1989–2008. Family Court Review, Vol. 48(1), 2010:164-179.

    Ex: Hon. Donna J. Martinson, One case–one specialized judge: Why courts have a duty to manage alienation and other high-conflict cases. Family Court Review, Vol. 48(1), 2010:180-189.

    Ex: Kirk Weir, High-conflict contact disputes: Evidence of the extreme unreliability of some children's ascertainable wishes and feelingsFamily Court Review, Vol. 49(4), 2011:788-800.

    Ex: Barbara Jo Fidler & Nicolas Bala (Eds.), Guest editors’ introduction to the 2020 special issue on parent-child contact problems: Concepts, controversies & conundrums. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:265-269.

    Ex: Janet J. Johnston & Matthew J. Sullivan, Parental alienation: In search of common ground for a more differentiate theory. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:270-292.

    Ex: William Bernet, Parental alienation and misinformation. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:293-307.

    Ex: Aaron Robb, Methodological challenges in social science: Making sense of polarized and competing
research claims. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:308-321.

    Ex: Demosthenes Lorandos, Parental alienation in U.S. Court, 1985 to 2018. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:322-339.

    Ex: Madelyn S. Milchman, Robert Geffner & Joan S. Meier, Ideology and rhetoric replace science and reason in
some parental alienation literature and advocacy: A critique. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:340-361.

    Ex: William Bernet, Response to “Ideology and Rhetoric Replace Science and Reason in Some Parental Aliena-tion Literature and Advocacy: A Critique,” by Milchman, Geffner, and Meier. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:362-367.

    Ex: Denjamin D. Garber, Dynamics, not Diagnoses. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:368-370.

(No abstract is available)

    Ex: Demosthenes Lorandos, Response to Milchman, Geffner, and Meier Ideology and Rhetoric Replace Science and Reason in Some Parental Alienation Literature and Advocacy: A Critique. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:371-372. (No abstract is available)

    Ex: Aaron Robb, Misdirection and Double Standards Fail to Clarify Controversial Issues in Social Science. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:373-374. (No abstract is available)

    Ex: Madelyn S. Milchman, Robert Geffner & Joan S. Meier, Putting Science and Reasoning Back Into the “Parental Alienation” Discussion: Reply to Bernet, Robb, Lorandos, and Garber. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:375-385.

    Ex: Benjamin D. Garber, Sherlock Holmes and the case of resist/refuse dynamics: Confirmatory bias and abductive inference in child custody evaluations. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:386-402.

    Ex: Fiona Morrison, E. Kay M. Tisdall & Jane E. M. Callaghan, Manipulation and domestic abuse in contested
contact - threats to children’s participation rights. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:403-416.

    Ex: Michael Saini, Taini Laajasalo & Stacy Platt, Gatekeeping by allegations: An examination of verified, unfounded, and fabricated allegations of child maltreatment within the context of resist and refusal dynamics. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:417-431.

    Ex: Richard Warshak, Risks and Realities of Working with Alienated Children. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:432-455.

    Ex: Jackie Campbell, Children resisting contact with a parent due to abuse, alienation, or other causes: Can a proactive role for lawyers contribute to better outcomes? Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:456-469.

    Ex: Robin Deutsch, Leslie Drozd, & Chioma Ajoku, Trauma-informed interventions in parent-child contact cases. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:470-487.

    Ex: Lyn R. Greenberg, & Robert A. Schnider, We’re still taking x-rays but the patient is dying: What keeps us
from intervening more quickly in resist-refuse cases? Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:488-506.

    Ex: Shely Polak, Tom Altobelli & Linda Popielarczyk, Responding to severe parent-child rejection cases with-out a parentectomy: A blended sequential intervention model and the role of the courts. Family Court Review,
Vol. 58(2), 2020:507-524.

    Ex: Rebecca Bailey, Deborah Dana, Elizabeth Bailey & Frank Davis, The application of the polyvagal theory to high conflict co-parenting cases. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:525-543.

    Ex: Philip Marcus, Innovative programs in Israel for prevention & responding to parental alienation:
Education, early identification and timely, effective intervention. Family Court Review, Vol. 58(2), 2020:544-559.

    Ex: Francine Cyr, Karine Poitras & Elizabeth Godbout, An interdisciplinary case management protocol for child resistance or refusal dynamics. Family Court Review, 58(2), 2020:560-575.

    Ex: Barbara Jo Fidler & Nicolas Bala, Concepts, Controversies and Conundrums of Alienation: Lessons Learned in a Decade and Reflections on Challenges AheadFamily Court Review, 58(2) 576-603.

Family Law Quarterly

    Ex: Richard A. Warshak, Bringing Sense to Parental Alienation: A Look at the Disputes and the Evidence Family Relations. Family Law Quarterly, Vol. 37(2), 2003:273-301.

    Ex: Michele A. Adams, Framing Contests in Child Custody Disputes: Parental Alienation Syndrome, Child Abuse, Gender, and Fathers’ Rights. Family Law Quarterly, Vol. 40(2), 2006:315-338.

Family Relations

    Ex: Richard A. Warshak, Payoffs and Pitfalls of Listening to Children. Family Relations: Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Science, Vol. 52(4), 2004:373-384.


Florida Bar Journal

    Ex: Robert A. Evans, Treatment considerations with children diagnosed with PAS. Florida Bar Journal,

Vol. 80(4), 2006:69-72.

Frontiers in Psychology

    Ex: Maria C. Verrocchio, Daniela Marchetti & Mario Fulcheri, Perceived Parental Functioning, Self-Esteem, and Psychological Distress in Adults Whose Parents are Separated/Divorced. Frontiers in Psychology,

Vol. 6(Article 1760), 2015:1-9.

Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

    Ex: Maria C. Verrocchio, Daniela Marchetti, Danilo Carrozzino, Angelo Compare & Mario Fulcheri, Depression and quality of life in adults perceiving exposure to parental alienation behaviors. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, Vol. 17, Article 14, 2019:1-9.

Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience

International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

    Ex: Leo Sher, Parental Alienation: The Impact on Men's Mental Health. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Vol. 29(3), 2017 (Mini Review, Published on line 13 November 2015).

Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Science

    Ex: Jenna Rowen & Robert E. Emery, Parental Denigration Boomerangs Versus Alienates: Parent-Child Closeness, Reciprocity, and Well-Being Using Multiple Informants. Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Science, Vol. 68(1), 2019:119-134.

International Cultic Studies Association

    Ex: Amy JL. Baker, Resisting the pressure to choose between parents: A school-based program. International Cultic Studies Association, Vol. 3(1), 2012:8-13. (BH)

International Journal on Child Maltreatment: Research, Policy and Practice

    Ex: Deborah Goldfarb, Sidnei Priolo-Filho, Janelle Sampana, Donna Shestowsky, Samara Wolpe,  Lucia C. A. Williams  & Gail S. Goodman, International Comparison of Family Court Professionals’  Perceptions of Parental Alienation and Child Sexual Abuse AllegationsInternational Journal on Child Maltreatment: Research, Policy and Practice, Vol. 2, 2019:323-341.

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences: Annual Review

    Ex: Christine Giancarlo & Kara Rottmann, Kids Come Last: The Effect of Family Law Involvement in Parental Alienation. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences: Annual Review, Vol. 9, 2015:27-42. (BH)

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International Journal of Law and Psychiatry

    Ex: A.L. Lavadera, S. Ferracuti & M.M. Togliatti, Parental alienation syndrome in Italian legal arguments: An exploratory study. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, Vol. 35, 2012:334-342. (BH)

International Journal on Child Maltreatment: Research, Policy and Practice

    Ex: Deborah Goldfarb, Sidnei Priolo-Filho, Janelle Sampana, Donna Shestowsky, Samara Wolpe, Lucia C. A. Williams & Gail S. Goodman,  International Comparison of Family Court Professionals’ Perceptions of Parental Alienation and Child Sexual Abuse Allegations. International Journal on Child Maltreatment: Research, Policy and Practice, Vol. 2(4), 2019:323-341.

International Lawyer

    Ex: Barbara Bevando Sobal & M. William Hilton, Article 13 (b) of the Hague Convention Treaty: Does It Create a Loophole for Parental Alienation Syndrome—an Insidious Abduction?International Lawyer, Vol. 35(3), 2001:997-1025.

Issues in Child Abuse Allegations

    Ex. Hollida Wakefield & Ralph Underwager, Personality characteristics of parents making false accusations of sexual abuse in custody disputes. Issues in Child Abuse Accusations (Institute for Psychological Therapies), Vol. 2(3), 1990:121–136. (BH)

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology

    Ex: Leon Festinger & James M. Carlsmith, Cognitive consequences of forced compliance. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, Vol. 58(2), 1959:203-210. (The authors had several publications on this topic 1957-1962).

    Comment: This paper is describing "cognitive dissonance" which is highly relevant to PA where gaslighting is just one of many behaviors exhibited by the alienating parent. Parental alienation was of course not mentioned as the concept of cognitive dissonance was coined about 30 years before that of PA.

Journal of Child and Family Issues

    Ex: Journal of Child and Family Issues (PA article in press).

Journal of Child and Family Studies

    Ex: Amy J. L. Baker & Maria Cristina Verrocchio, Parental Bonding and Parental Alienation as Correlates of Psychological Maltreatment in Adults in Intact and Non-intact Families. Journal of Child and Family Studies,Vol. 24(10), 2015:3047-3057.

    Ex: Laura Lamminen, Book Review: Linda J. Gottlieb: The Parental Alienation Syndrome: A Family Therapy and Collaborative Systems Approach to AmeliorationJournal of Child and Family Studies, Vol. 22(6), 2013:879-880.

Journal of Child Custody

    Ex: Joan S. Meier, A Historical Perspective on Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation. Journal of Child Custody, Vol. 6(3-4), 2009:232-257.

    Ex: Bruna Calado, Henry Otgaar & Peter Muris, Are children better witnesses than adolescents? Develop-mental trends in different false memory paradigms. Journal of Child Custody, Vol. 15(4), 2019:330-348.

    Comment: This journal frequently publishes articles opposed to the concept of PA.

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

    Ex: Martin H. Teicher & Jacqueline A. Samson, Annual Research Review: Enduring neurobiological effects of childhood abuse and neglect. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Vol. 57(3), 2016:241-266.

    Comment: This paper includes information of brain damage due to emotional abuse.


Journal of Clinical Psychology

    Ex: Linda S. Smith, Family-Based Therapy for Parent-Child Reunification. Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 72(5), 2016:498-512.

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

    Ex: Arnold H. Buss & Ann Durkee, An Inventory for Assessing Different Kinds of Hostility. Journal of Counsulting Psychology, Vol. 21(4), 1957:343-349.

    Comment: Assault, Indirect Hostility, Irritability, Negativism, Resentment, Suspicion, Verbal Hostility.

    Ex: T.M. Yates, A.J. Tracy & S.S. Luthar, Nonsuicidal self-injury among "privileged" youths: Longitudinal and cross-sectional approaches to developmental process. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 76(1), 2008:52-62.

Journal of Divorce & Remarriage

    Ex: John Dunne & Marsha Hedrick, The Parental Alienation Syndrome: An Analysis of Sixteen Selected Cases. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, Vol. 21, 1994:21-38.

    Ex: Lon Paul Bokker, Roy C. Farley & William Bailey, The Relationship Between Custodial Status and Emotional Well-being Among Recently Divorced Fathers. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 44(3-4), 2006:83-98.

    Ex: Amy J.L. Baker & Douglas Darnall, Behaviors and Strategies Employed in Parental Alienation. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, Vol. 45(1/2), 2006:97-124.

    Ex: Amy J.L. Baker & Jaclyn Chambers. Adult recall of childhood exposure to parental conflict: Unpacking the black box of parental alienation. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, Vol. 52(1), 2011:55-76.

    Ex: Jennifer Gerber Moné, David Macphee, Sharon K. Anderson & James H. Banning,  Family members’ narratives of divorce and interparental conflict: implications for parental alienation. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 52(8), 2011:642-667.

    Ex: Gena A. Rowlands, Parental Alienation: A Measurement Tool. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, Vol. 60(4), 2019:316-331.

Journal of Family Issues

    Ex: C. Poustie, M. Matthewson & S. Balmer, The Forgotten Parent: The Targeted Parent Perspective of Paren-tal Alienation. Journal of Family Issues, Vol. 39(12), 2018:3298-3323.

    Ex: Jay Fagan & Marina Barnett, The Relationship Between Maternal Gatekeeping, Paternal Competence, Mothers' Attitudes About the Father Role, and Father Involvement. Journal of Family Issues, Vol. 24(8), 2003:1020-1043.

    Comment: This paper is not referring to PA but some of what has been studied is relevant for the PA topic.

Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention

    Ex: Wilfrid von Boch-Galhau, Christiane Förster & Jorge Guerra Gonzalez, Book Review: Demosthenes Lorandos, William Bernet & Richard Sauber (2013), Parental Alienation: Handbook for Mental Health and Legal Professionals. Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention, Vol. 5(6), 2013:115-117.

Journal of Family Psychology

    Ex: Jennifer J. Harman, Zeynep Biringen, Ellen M. Ratajack, Pearl L. Outland & Allyson Kraus, Parents Behaving Badly: Gender Biases in the Perception of Parental Alienating Behaviors. Journal of Family Psychology, Vol. 30(7), 2016:866-874.

Journal of Family Studies

     Comment: Some of the articles in this journal deal with observations that are consistent with PA but I (BC) only have access to the abstracts and therefore don't know if PA is explicitly mentioned or discussed.

Journal of Family Therapy

    Ex: Kate Templer, Mandy Matthewson, Janet Haines  & Georgina Cox, Recommendations for best practice in response to parental alienation: findings from a systematic review. Journal of Family Therapy, Vol. 39(1), 2017:103-122.

Journal of Family Violence

    Ex1: Jennifer J. Harman, Demosthenes Lorandos, Zeynep Biringen & Caitlyn M. Grubb, Gender Differences in the Use of Parental Alienating Behaviors. Journal of Family Violence, 2019:1-11.

    Ex2: Ira Daniel Turkat, Divorce related malicious mother syndrome. Journal of Family Violence, Vol. 10(3), 1995:253-264.

Journal of Forensic Sciences

    Ex: William Bernet, Amy J. L. Baker & Maria C. Verrocchio, Symptom Checklist‐90‐Revised Scores in Adult Children Exposed to Alienating Behaviors: An Italian Sample. Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 60(2), 2015:357-362.

    Ex: Amy J.L. Baker, Mariann Asayan & Alianna LaCheen-Baker, Best Interest of the Child and Parental Alienation: A Survey of State Statutes. Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 61(4), 2016:1011-1016.

    Ex: William Bernet, Nilgun Gregory, Ronald P. Rohner & Kathleen M. Reay, Measuring the Difference Between Parental Alienation and Parental Estrangement: The PARQ-Gap. Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 65(4), 2020:1225-1234.

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Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development

    Ex: Cheryl Holcomb-McCoy, Alienation, A Concept for Understanding Low-Income, Urban Clients. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development, Vol. 43(2), 2004:188-196.

Journal of Moral Education

    Ex:  Jennifer Lavoie, Joshua Wyman, Angela M. Crossman & Victoria Talwar, Lie-telling as a mode of antisocial action: Children’s lies and behavior problems. Journal of Moral Education, Vol. 47(4), 2018:432-450.

Journal of Personality

    Ex: Robert S. Horton, Geoff Bleau, and Brian Drwecki, Parenting narcissus: what are the links between parenting and narcissism? Journal of Personality, Vol. 74(2), 2006:345-376. (BH)

    Comment: In this article narcissism is analyzed in the "softer" sense - not the formal psychiatric diagnosis NPD. The authors discuss "healthy" as well as "unhealthy" narcissism. "Parental alienation" is not mentioned as words in the paper but the concept is clearly built into the text, for example (p. 350): " According to this perspective, narcissism develops when the parent regards the child as a means by which to satisfy selfish motives, not as an individual to be nurtured. In this unfortunate case, the parent’s identity is enmeshed with the child’s, and the parent subverts the development of the child’s independent sense of self rather than risk a symbolic loss to his or her own self." 

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

    Ex: Lee Ross, Mark R. Lepper & Michael Hubbard, Perseverance in Self-Perception and Social Perception: Biased Attributional Processes in the Debriefing Paradigm. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 32(5), 1975:880-892.

    Comment: This paper has indirect and important relevance for the understanding of attribution errors and related phenomena during custody evaluations.

Journal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services

    Ex: M.M. Farkas, An introduction to parental alienation syndrome. Journal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services, Vol. 49(4), 2011:20-26.

Journal of Psychopathology

    Ex: Alberto Siracusano, Ylenia Barone, Giulia Lisi & Cinzia Niolu, Parental alienation syndrome or alienating parental relational behaviour disorder: a critical overview. Journal of Psychopathology, Vol. 21, 2015:231-238.

Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

    Ex: William Bernet, Case study: allegations of abuse created in a single interviewJournal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol.36(7), 1997:966-970.

    Ex: William Bernet, Marianne Z. Wamboldt & William E. Narrow, Child Affected by Parental Relationship Distress. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 55(7), 2016:571-579.

    Ex: William Bernet, Wrongful Allegations of Sexual and Child Abuse. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 56(8), 2017:713-714.

Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

    Ex: Ira Turkat, Parental Alienation Syndrome: A Review of Critical Issues. Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers, Vol. 18, 2002:131-176.

Journal of the American Academy of  Psychiatry and the Law

    Ex: Janet R. Johnston, Parental alignments and rejection: An empirical study  of alienation of children of divorce. Journal of the American Academy of  Psychiatry and the Law, Vol. 31, 2003:158-170. (BH) 

Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis

    Ex: Richard A. Gardner, Sex-abuse hysteria: Diagnosis, etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, Vol. 37(3), 1993:2-5.


Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry = Journal de l'Académie canadienne de psychiatrie de l'enfant et de l'adolescent

    Ex: Normand Carrey, Coasting to DSM-5 - Parental Alienation Syndrome and Child Psychiatric Syndromes: We are what and who we define (Editorial), Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry = Journal de l'Académie canadienne de psychiatrie de l'enfant et de l'adolescent, Vol. 20(3), 2011:163.

    Ex: P. Susan Penfold, Book Review: Adult Children of Parental Alienation Syndrome: Breaking the Ties That Bind (Amy JL Baker). Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry = Journal de l'Académie canadienne de psychiatrie de l'enfant et de l'adolescent, Vol. 17(4), 2008:232.

Juvenile and Family Court Journal

    Ex: Patricia van Horn & Betsy Mcalister Groves, Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Making Trauma‐Informed Custody and Visitation Decisions. Juvenile and Family Court Journal, Vol. 57(1),  2009:51-60.

    La Revue d'Action Juridique et Sociale (in French)

        Ex: Jean Pannier, Autorité parentale: Droit de visite et d'hébergement: Aliénation parentale [Parental authority: Rights of access and accommodation: Parental alienation]. La Revue d'Action Juridique et Sociale, 2007:27058-27062.

    Law and Human Behavior

    Maltrattamento e Abuso all’Infanzia (In Italian)

        Ex. Marisa Malagoli Togliatti & Franci Marta, La sindrome di alienazione genotoriale (PAS): Studie e riserche. Maltrattamento e Abuso all’Infanzia, Vol. 7(3), 2005:39-63.

    Michigan Family Law Journal

        Ex: Ashish S. Joshi, Parental Alienation: The Problem (Part One of a Two-Part Series)Michigan Family Law Journal, Vol. 46(8), 2016:7-10.

        Ashish S. Joshi, Parental Alienation: Remedies (Part Two of a Two-Part Series). Michigan Family Law Journal, Vol. 46(9), 2016:6-12.

       Ashish S. Joshi, Temporary No-Contact Orders: The Necessary Ingredient for Effective Reunification in Cases Involving Parental Alienation. Michigan Family Law Journal, Vol. 50(2), 2020:15-18.

        Comment: These three articles are of high relevance to the PA problems and that can also be said about at least two more articles in volume 48 of the same journal.

    Nature reviews. Neuroscience

    Neuron

       Ex. Charles B. Nemeroff, Paradise Lost: The Neurobiological and Clinical Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect. Neuron, Vol. 89(5), 2016:892-909.

        Comment: In this paper, the words "parental alienation"  are not specifically mentioned but the paper includes

        discussions of changes in the brains of children due to "early life stress" (ELV), parental loss, parental

        separation, parental "verbal aggression" and emotional abuse (to which PA belongs).

    Neuropsychiatrie (In German, Also translated into English and Swedish (soon to be published))

        Ex. W. von Boch-Galhau, Parental Alienation (Syndrome) - Eine ernst zu nehmende Form von psychischer Kindermisshandlung. Neuropsychiatrie, Vol. 32, 2018:133-148.

    Papeles del Psicólogo / Psychologist Papers

        Ex. R. Vilalta & Maxime Winberg Noda, On the myth of parental alienation syndrome (PAS) and the DSM-5. Psychologist Papers, Vol. 38(3), 2017:224-231.

    New Hampshire BAR Journal

        Ex: Peggie Ward & J. Campbell Harvey, Family Wars: The Alienation of Children. New Hampshire BAR Journal, Vol. 34(1), March 1993:___.

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    North Dakota Law Review

        Ex: Douglas Darnall, Parental Alienation: Not in the Best Interest of the Children North Dakota Law Review, Vol. 75(2), 1999:323-364.

        Ex: Louann C. McGlyn, Parent and Child-Custody and Control of Child: Parental Alienation: Trash Talking the Non-Custodial Parent Is Not Okay. North Dakota Law Review, Vol. 77(3), 2001:525-548.

    NYSBAR Family Law Review

        Ex: Chaim Steinberger, Father? What Father? Parental Alienation and Its Effect on Children. Part One. NYSBAR Family Law Review, Vol. 38(1), 2006:10-24.

    Paidéia

        Ex: Paula Inez Cunha Gomide, Everline Bedin Camargo & Marcia Gonzales Fernandes, Análise das Proprie-dades Psicométricas da Escala de Alienação Parental. (Analysis of the psychometric properties of a parental alienation scale.) Paidéia, Vol. 26(65), 2016:291-298.

    Parental Rights

        Ex: Robert M. Gordon, The Medea Complex and the Parental Alienation Syndrome: When Mothers Damage Their Daughter’s Ability to Love a Man. Parental Rights,  Cirka 2009.

    Pediatrics

        Ex: Jerome Kagan, The Role of Parents in Children’s Psychological Development. Pediatrics, Vol. 104(1), 2019:164-167.

        Comment: This paper discusses parental behaviour, parental influence etc but PA is not mentioned.

    Pediatrics in Review

        Ex: Melissa Kimber & Harriet L. MacMillan, Child Psychological Abuse. Pediatrics in Review, Vol. 38, 2017:496-498.

    Professional Psychology: Research and Practice

        Ex: Michael R. Bütz & F. Barton Evans, Factitious disorder by proxy, parent alienation, and the argument for interrelated multidimensional diagnoses. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, Vol. 50(6), 2019:364-375.

    Psicopatología Clínica Legal y Forense (in Spanish)

        Ex: M. Cartié, R. Casany, R. Domínguez, C. Gamero, C. García, M. González & C. Pastor, Análisis descriptivo de las características asociadas al síndrome de alienación parental (SAP) [Descriptive analysis of characteristics associated with parental alienation syndrome (PAS)]. Psicopatología Clínica Legal y Forense, Vol. 5(1-3),  2005:5-29.

    Psicothema (in Spanish)

        Ex: Ramón J. Vilalta Suárez, Descripción del Síndrome de Alienación Parental en una muestra forense (Description of the Parental Alienation Syndrome in a Forensic Sample). Psicothema, Vol. 23(4), 2011:636-641.

    Psychiatric Times

        Ex: William Bernet, Children of High-Conflict Divorce Face Many Challenges. Psychiatric Times, Vol. 32(10), 2015:12-15.

        Ex: Philip M. Koszyk & William Bernet, Treatment and Prevention of Parental Alienation. Psychiatric Times, March 12, 2020.


    Psychiatria Danubina

    Leo Sher, Parental Alienation and Suicide in Men, Psychiatria Danubina, 2015; Vol. 27(3), 2015:288–289.

    Psychiatria polska (in Polish)

        Ex: I. Namysłowska, J. Heitzman & A. Siewierska, Gardner syndrome-parent alienation syndrome (PAS). Diagnosis or family reality? Psychiatria polska, Vol. 43(1), 2009:5-17.

    Psychoanalytic Psychology

    Psychological Bulletin

        Ex: Jennifer Jill Harman, Edward Kruk & Denise A. Hines, Parental alienating behaviors: An unacknowledged form of family violence. Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 144(12), 2018:1275-1299.

    Psychological Science

    Psychologist Papers

        Ex: R. Vilalta & Maxime Winberg Noda, On the myth of parental alienation syndrome (PAS) and the DSM-5Psychologist Papers, Vol. 38(3), 2017:224-231.

    Psychology in the Schools

        Ex: Raymond L. Calabrese, John W. Miller & Buddy Dooley, The identification of alienated parents and children: Implications for school psychologists. Psychology in the Schools, Vol. 24(2), 1987:145-150.

    Psychology of Women Quarterly

        Ex: Irene Hanson Frieze, Female Violence Against Intimate Partners: An Introduction. Psychology of Women Quarterly, Vol. 29, 2005:229-237.

    Psychology, Public Policy and the Law

        Re: Richard A. Warshak, When evaluators get it wrong: False positive IDs and parental alienationPsychology, Public Policy and Law, Vol. 26(1), 2020:54-68.

    Psychology Today

        Ex: Edward Kruk, The Impact of Parental Alienation on Parents: Post-traumatic Stress in the Rupture of Parent-child Relationships. Psychology Today, 2 May, 2013.

        Ex: Edward Kruk, The Life of the Alienated Parent: Coping with the trauma of parental alienation. Psychology Today, 5 November, 2017.

        Ex: Susan Heitler, Parental Alienation Syndrome: What Is It, and Who Does It? Psychology Today, 1 February, 2018.

        Ex: Susan Heitler, Parental Alienation: What Can an Alienated Parent Do? Psychology Today, 27 Febr., 2018.

        Ex: Susan Heitler, Two Classic Cases of Courts Failing Alienated Parents. Psychology Today, 1 October, 2018.

        Ex: Edward Kruk, Parental Alienation as Child Abuse and Family Violence. Psychology Today, 10 January, 2019.

        Ex: Susan Heitler, Parental Alienation: It Happens in Intact Families Too. Psychology Today, 19 February, 2019.

        Ex: Stanton E. Samenow, Parental Alienation: Five Errors in Thinking: Alienators think like criminals. Psychology Today, 25 May, 2019.

        Ex: Susan Heitler, We_Need_Changes_in_How_Courts_Handle Parental Alienation: . Psychology Today, 6 June, 2019.

        Ex: Susan Heitler, Can Parental Alienation Occur Beyond_Parents_and_Kids? Psychology Today,  7 June, 2019.

        Ex: Susan Heitler, Parental Alienation: What Therapists Need to Know. Psychology Today, 20 September, 2019.

        Ex: Susan Heitler, Severe Parental Alienation: A Mental Health Emergency. Psychology Today, 24 Oct., 2019.

        Ex: Susan Heitler, Adult Sibling Alienation: Who Does It and Why. Psychology Today, 15 December, 2019.

        Ex: Susan Heitler, Narcissism in Parental Alienation: Clarifying Examples. Psychology Today, 13 January, 2020.

        Ex: Christine B.L. Adams, Parental Alienation: How and When Does It Start? Psychology Today, 18 February, 2020.

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    Quadrant (Australia)

        Ex: Augusto Zimmermann, Child-Support Payments and Parental Alienation. Quadrant, August 15, 2019.

        Comment: This publication is more like a magazine than a formal peer-review journal.

    Review of General Psychology

    Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria (Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry)

        Ex: Roberta Pena, Hélio Lauar & Alcina Barros, Forensic psychiatry assessment during parental alienation claims: two cases with different outcomes. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 2020 (in press).

    Science

        Ex: Sarah Jayne Blakemore, How Does the Brain Deal with the Social World? Science, Vol. 314, 2006:60-61.

        Comment: PA is not mentioned but is relevant for emotional, social and cognitive brain functions.

    Scientific American

        Ex: Martin Teicher, Scars that won't heal: The Neurobiology of Child abuse, Scientific American, Vol. 286(3), 2002:54-61.

        Comment: This article has relevance to PA as it is focused on brain damage in the neurobiological sense to abused children but there is no specific mentioning of PA. This line of research however, where the development of the young brain is studied, has a focus on different kinds of brain damages (different regions of the brain) depending on what type of abuse or neglect a child has experienced.

    Seen and Heard

        Ex: Sue Whitcombe, Parental alienation or justifiable estrangement? Assessing a child’s resistance to a parent in the UK. Seen and Heard, Vol. 27(3), 2017:31-47.

    Social Development

        Ex: David A. Nelson, Melanie M. Springer, Larry J. Nelson & Nathaniel H. Bean, Normative Beliefs Regarding Aggression in Emerging Adulthood. Social Development, Vol. 17(3), 2008:638-660.

        Comment: This article has focus on aggressive behaviors including indirectly relational (exclusion, isolation activites etc) of men and women which is highly relevant for PA but the paper does not address PA directly. (BH)

    Social Work (Maatskaplike Werk, Zambia)

        Ex: Elsabé Bosch-Brits, Cornelia Wessels & Adri Roux, Fathers' experience and perceptions of parent alienation in high-conflict divorce. Social Work, Vol. 54(1), 2018:91-110.

    Social Work Today

        Ex: Amy J.L. Baker, Parental alienation syndrome: The parent-child disconnect. Social Work Today, Vol. 8(6), 2008:26- (about six pages).

    Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture (in French)

        Ex: Aurélie Haroche, Les Soins à l'enfant face à l'aliénation parentale (Caring for Children in the Face of Parental Alienation). Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture, Vol. 35(280), 2014:8.

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    The American Journal of Family Therapy

       Ex: G.F. Cartwright, Expanding the parameters or parental alienation syndrome. The American Journal of Family Therapy, Vol. 21(3), 1993:205-215.

       Ex: Richard A. Warshak, Remarriage as a Trigger for Parental Alienation Syndrome. The American Journal of Family Therapy, Vol. 28, 2000:229-241.

       Ex: Despina Vassiliou & Glenn F. Cartwright, The Lost Parents' Perspective on Parental Alienation Syndrome, The American Journal of Family Therapy, Vol. 29(3), 2001:181-191.

       Ex: Ron Meister, Review of Therapeutic Interventions for Children with Parental Alienation Syndrome. The American Journal of Family Therapy, Vol. 31(4), 2003:321-324.

        Ex: Terence W. Campbell, Why doesn't parental alienation occur more frequently? The significance of role discrimination. The American Journal of Family Therapy, Vol. 33(5), 2005:365-377.

        Ex: James N. Bow, Jonathan W. Gould & James  R. Flens, Examining Parental Alienation in Child Custody Cases: A Survey of Mental Health and Legal Professionals. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 37(2), 2009:127-145.

        Ex: Amy J.L. Baker, Even when you win you lose: Targeted parents' perceptions of their attorneys. The American Journal of Family Therapy, Vol. 38(1), 2010:1-18.

        Ex: Naomi Ben-Ami & Amy J.L. Baker, The Long-term Correlates of Childhood Exposure to Parental Aliena-tion on Adult Self-sufficiency and Well-being. The American Journal of Family Therapy, Vol. 40(2), 2012:169-183.

    The Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law

        Ex: Julie Doughty, Nina Maxwell & Tom Slater, Professional responses to ‘parental alienation’: research-informed practice. Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, Vol. 42(1), 2020:68-79.

    The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law

        Ex: Timothy M. Houchin, John Ranseen, Phillip A. K. Hash & Daniel J. Bartnicki, The parental alienation debate belongs in the courtroom, not in DSM-5. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, Vol. 40(1), 2012:127-131.

        Ex: Linda Gottlieb, PAS. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, Vol. 40(3), 2012:445-446.

        Ex: J.M. Pilla, Parental Alienation (PA). The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, Vol. 40(3), 2012:446.

        Ex: M.H. Stone, Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS), The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, Vol. 40(3), 2012:447.

        Ex: 

        Ex: Cheryl D. Willis (Book Review), Parental Alienation: The Handbook For Mental Health and Legal Professionals. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, Vol. 43(2), 2015:258-259.

    The Tennessee Trial Lawyer

        Ex: Helen Sfikas Rogers, The Phenomenon of Parental Alienation. The Tennessee Trial Lawyer, Summer 2018:11-13.

    Tidskriftet Den Norske Legeforening (A journal for Norwegian medical practioners, In Norwegian)

        Ex. Eivind Meland, Lena Hellblom Sjögren & Frode Thuen, Foreldrefremmedgjøring som helserisiko. Tidskriftet Den Norske Legeforening, Nr. 6, 2019.

        Comment: This article is entirely focused on PA.

    Tijdschrift voor psychiatrie (in Dutch)

        Ex: C. Migchels & D. De Wachter, Ouderverstotingssyndroom en de controverse rond psychiatrische diagnostiek (Parental Alienation and the Controversy Surrounding Psychiatric Diagnostics). Tijdschrift voor psychiatrie, Vol. 59(8), 2017:482-488. (Abstract in English)

    Trauma, Violence & Abuse

    Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi (Turkish Journal of Psychiatry)

        Ex: Fuat Torun, Ebeveyn Yabancılaştırma Sendromu (Parental Alienation Syndrome), Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Vol. 3(3), 2011:466-482.

        Comment: Abstract in English.

    Wisconsin Journal of Family Law

        Ex. Philip M.  Stahl, Understanding and evaluating alienation in high-conflict custody cases. Wisconsin Journal of Family Law, 24(1), 2003:20–26.

        Comment: This article specifically addresses PA.


    (Is it PA?)

    (PA is often missed)

    (Key concepts)

    (Child abuse)

    (Damages to the children)

    (Children's wishes)

    (Who are the PA drivers?)

    (PA and the law)

    (The authorities)

    (Prevention & therapy)

    (Other countries)

    (Support groups)

    (Who am I?)